The Simple VCA is a single-chip Voltage Controlled Amplifier module, in Eurorack format.
It’s a nice first DIY VCA that you can build in very short time, with very few, off-the-shelf, components.
This VCA can act as a variable volume, variable amplifier, mixer…
There are 3 Audio/signal inputs which are mixed together.
The Simple VCA uses only one LM13700 (U1). It’s a dual Operational Transconductance Amplifier (OTA) in a single package, and 2 independent Darlington transistor buffers.
An OTA, unlike a classic Op-Amp has the ability to modify its “amplification” gain, with a dedicated input pin.
Also, the output of an OTA is a current output, not a voltage one like on Op-Amps.
The circuit is really simple: the input signals are mixed together by 3 resistors (R4, R5, R13). The mixed signal is then drastically lowered by a voltage divider (R8) as the LM13700 can only accept small voltages.
The signal enters U1A at pin #3, and then goes out, as a current, at pin #5, with a gain set by the amount of Iabc current inserted on pin #1.
The signal is then converted to a voltage, and offset, thanks to R11/R14. It is then boosted by the Darlington transistor buffer stage (U1C).
Finally, R15 protects the output against short circuits.
As OTA’s pin #1 requires a current (Iabc), and, as we have a spare OTA available, U1B is used as a voltage-to-current converter.
The CV signal is a mix of the voltage coming from jack J1 and an “Initial” setting by potentiometer R1. The mix is done by 2 resistors (R2, R3), and then the signal is drastically lowered by the voltage divider (R6).
Resistor R9 sets a fixed “amplification” factor for the CV.
Finally, U1B outputs the Iabc current at pin #12 and feeds it to pin #1.
Of course, you need to power the circuit. Here’s the Eurorack power input connection:
And this is how the LM13700 itself is powered:
Two decoupling capacitors (C1 and C2) are located close to the two power input pins.
Darlington buffer U1D (pins #9 and #10) is unused in this circuit.
8 thoughts on “Simple VCA”
Nice touch having the voltage test points on the PCB!
Potential builders should be aware the DIP version of the LM13700 went out of production a year or so ago. As of late 2022 you can still get it but not as readily as before — DigiKey and Mouser no longer have it, Tayda and Thonk do. The SMD version is still produced, so when DIP supplies dry up entirely, a converter board like the Chip-Quik PA0005 or PA0005C might be usable to put the surface mount chip in a through hole footprint, depending on how much clearance there is around the footprint.
Thank you Richard for pointing this out!
However, there seems to be some clones available: Friends reported that they were working.
Xinluda XD13700 at LCSC for example.
Eventually, if the DIP package turns into pure unobtainium, I’ll do a SMD PCB version.
Thanks so much for putting this up! I just built one from the schematics on a protoboard; it was a nicely straightforward build using parts I had on hand. The pot on mine is a slider, since that was the mountable 100k I had available quickly, so it ended up a 6HP unit. I need to make a final faceplate — the current test version is printable transparency film — but it otherwise works great. Thanks again!
I’d love to see the final result 🙂
I have some images up at https://taperwolf.tumblr.com/post/694911099597996032/ and https://taperwolf.tumblr.com/post/695046777004572672/ . I still need to drill out the faceplate (my old cordless drill isn’t quite up to the challenge), so it’s not quite done, but you get the idea.
And https://taperwolf.tumblr.com/post/695258561991901184/ has the finished module. (The initial labeling didn’t work out.)
Thanks for sharing this! I’ve built the barebones of it on a protoboard (like Taper Wickel) and I’m seriously impressed that a VCA could be made with such a low part count. I deliberately laid out the protoboard so that there’s space for a second one next to it – big brain move!
I’ve just popped a demo of it hooked up to an oscilloscope here, in case anyone’s interested 🙂 https://www.instagram.com/p/ClUJJBog1dN/
Are the audio inputs to lm13700 expected to be AC coupled, that is without DC. would there be harm in putting .1uf caps between each jack tip and 100k for j2, j3 and j4?